Castle of Rocca Roveresca, 1480
Senigallia came under Papal rule in 1631. At that time the Jewish community consisted of about 40 families comprising a few hundred people. During the course of the following century and a half the number increased to approximately 120 families. The community’s public spirit and charity were demonstrated in 1649 when a large sum was collected to ransom Polish Jews who had been sold into slavery during the Cossack Wars. When in the middle of the 17th century the Papal States expelled the Jews, they relocated in Ancona and elsewhere. Today Jewish community of Senigallia no longer exists.