The first attempt to regulate the relations between Italian Jews and the  Italian State, began  shortly after the opening of the  ghettos in Northen Italy, as part of the so-called Legge Rattazzi of 1857 that organized administrative regions and local institutions.

 

In 1929 Mussolini’s Fascist government signed the Lateran Pacts with the Vatican and Catholicism became the official state religion, leaving Judaism and all other cults in a subaltern position. In 1930, the Legge Falco established the Unione delle Comunità Israelitiche Italiane, a centralized organization in which the largest communities absorbed the smaller ones. The Legge Falco greatly limited the independence that even the smallest local Jewish communities  had always enjoyed. On the other hand, it provided a unified structure and a representation with government agencies that shaped to profile of Italian Jewry to these days. Mussolini placed at the head of the Union the Chief Rabbi of Rome a break with the tradition of lay leadership that had always characterize Italian Judaism.

 

In 1989 a new pact was signed between the Unione delle Comunità Ebraiche Italiane and the Italian government. The “Intesa” repositioned the Italian Jewish communities on the post-Lateran Pacts map. It expanded the autonomy of the Union and created a specific agreements concerning education, the observance of Jewish holidays, the preservation of cultural assets and the funding of communal institutions. The Union is comprised of a Congress in which all communities are represented, an Advisory Board (Consiglio) of 18 elected members (lay and religious), the Rabbinical Board (Consulta) of 3 Rabbis elected by the Congress, an Executive Board (Giunta), President, Vice-president, one representative of the Rabbinical Board and three other lay members, the Rabbinical Assembly comprised of the rabbis of all communities and the President who is elected by the Advisory Board and guides the Union. Each community is administrated by an elected President, a vice-President and an Advisory Board.

 

Many communities maintain a Jewish school, from kindergarden though high school. Jewish cultural assets and monuments are administrated through the Fondazione per i Beni Culturali Ebraici which works closely with a vast range of public agencies for the preservation, maintenance, cataloguing and promotion of Jewish heritage in Italy.

 

Italian synagogues and the Italian Rabbinical Assembly are traditional (orthodox). No official Reform or Conservative movements exists in the country.The Rabbinical College of Rome is an offspring of a tradition of Rabbinical Schools that in the 19th and early 20th century flourished in Padua, Florence and Turin. Each community elects a chief rabbi who presides to its religious needs. Italian rabbis have traditionally held lay positions as professors, lawyers or physicians.

 

Source: Giorgio Sacerdoti on the legal relations between the State of Italy and the Italian Jewish Communities.

 

Contacts for Community Administrations

PIEDMONT
Jewish Community of Turin
Piazzetta Primo Levi, 12
10125 Torino

 

Jewish Community of Casale Monferrato
vicolo Salomone Olper 44
15033 Casale Monferrato
E-mail: segreteria@casalebraica.org

 

Jewish Community of Vercelli
via Foà, 70
13100 Vercelli

E-mail comebravc.presid@libero.it

 

LIGURIA
Jewish Community of Genoa
Sinagoga e Comunità
via Bertora 6, 16122 Genova

E-mail info@cegenova.it

 

VENETO
Jewish Community of Venice
Sestiere Cannaregio 1146
30121 Venezia

 

Jewish Community of Verona
via Portici 3
37121 Verona

E-mail:comebraica@alice.it

E-mail:uff.rabb.verona@alice.it

 

Jewish Community of Merano
via Schiller 14
39012 Merano

E-mail: meranoebraica@hotmail.com

 

Jewish Community of Padua
via S. Martino e Solferino 9
35122 Padova

E-mail: cebra.pd@tin.it

 

FRIULI VENEZIA GIULIA
Jewish Community of Trieste
via San Francesco 19 34133 Trieste
circoscrizione Gorizia, Udine, Pordenone

Ee mail:info@triestebraica.it

 

LOMBARDIA
Jewish Community of Milan
via Sally Mayer, 2
20146 Milano

E-mail:info.sede@com-ebraicamilano.it

 

Jewish Community of Mantua
via G. Govi 11
46100 Mantova
E-mail: comebraica.mn@virgilio.it

 

EMILIA ROMAGNA
Jewish Community of Bologna
via Gombruti 9
40123 Bologna
E-mail:segreteria@comunitadibologna.it

 

Jewish Community of Ferrara
via Mazzini 95
44100 Ferrara
E-mail: comebraicafe@ferraraonline.it

 

Jewish Community of Modena
piazza Mazzini 26
41100 Modena

E-mail:comebraica.mo@tiscali.it

 

Jewish Community of Parma
vicolo Cervi
43100 Parma
TUSCANY
Jewish Community of Florence
via Farini 4
50121 Firenze

E-mail: info@firenzebraica.it

 

Jewish Community of Livorno
Piazza Benamozegh 1
57123 Livorno (LI)

Web: www.comunitaebraica.org

 

Jewish Community of Pisa
via Palestro 24
56100 Pisa

E-mail: com_ebraicapi@tin.it

 

MARCHE
Jewish Community of Ancona
via M. Fanti 2 bis
60121 Ancona

Ee-mail: comeban@gmail.com

 

LAZIO
Jewish Community of Rome
Lungotevere De’ Cenci – 00186 Roma
E-mail: info@romaebraica.it

 

CAMPANIA-APULIA-SICILY
Jewish Community of Naples
via Cappella Vecchia 31
80121 Napoli

E-mail: napoliebraica@gmail.com