Throughout history this town has been known by a series of different names – including Pausula, Castello di Monte dell’Olmo, Montolmo and Castelvecchio – before finally taking up the name Corridonia, a tribute to Filippo Corridoni, a union leader active in the region before World War I.
Jews have resided in the town since 1436. Documents attest to a vibrant community engaged in money lending, as well as commerce in textiles, leather, food and arms. The Franciscans imposed anti-Judaic sanctions on trade as early as 1446. Today, the remains of the Ghetto imposed by Pope Paul IV in 1555 serve as the entry gate to the Via Mollari.